Typically, the 19th century is seen as the era of secularisation, when institutions of science were established and cultural mandate turned from religion to explanations via natural and scientific laws. Sociologist Max Webber famously referred to this as ”the disenchantment of the world” where scientific understanding became far more valuable than faith or belief.
We also consider the Victorian period to be an era of religious revival too. An evangelical revival of the Christian church was well documented, but there was also a lot of dissent and unorthodox beliefs back then. There were many new beliefs and much interest in the supernatural and unseen unexplained phenomena. Was this Victorian eccentricity or an age sensitive to evidence of the unknown?